The Norwegian Christmas tree in Trafalgar Square

 Type:Culture, Christmas
 Location:England, London

The 59th Norwegian Christmas tree in Trafalgar Square will be lit on Tuesday 29 November.

This year's ceremony at Trafalguar Square has been extended with a concert which starts at 5.30pm. Platinum-selling Norwegian artist Sissel and the Oslo Cathedral Boys Choir will perform live at the annual Christmas Tree lighting ceremony. Sissel is a successful artist throughout Scandinavia - with gold and platinum albums in Norway, Sweden and Denmark. Through performances and recordings, the Oslo Cathedral Boys Choir has gained a reputation as one of the best in the Nordic region.

The opening of the ceremony itself will be marked by a fanfare followed by singing from a processional carol - Once in Royal David’s City - made up of the combined vocal talents of the Oslo Cathedral Boys Choir and the choir of St-Martin-in-the-Fields.

Ken Livingstone, Mayor of London, said: “With Sissel and the Oslo Cathedral Boys Choir in attendance, the traditional lighting ceremony is set to be even more enchanting this year. The Trafalgar Square Christmas tree is a central part of Christmas in London and a great symbol of the friendship between London and Norway. With Christmas drawing ever closer, the concert and the lighting ceremony offer a perfect way to get into the Christmas spirit.  Song sheets will be distributed and people of all ages are invited to come and join the choirs of Oslo Cathedral and St-Martin-in-the-Fields in singing carols under the iconic Norwegian spruce.”

The Christmas tree has now arrived in the UK!

The Christmas tree arrives in Immingham on its way to London
Photo: Lee Burniston

Fist Class Mail? The tree is London-bound - and in safe hands!
Photo: Lee Burniston

A symbol of Britain and Norway's warm relationship
The first tree was brought over in 1947 as a token of Norwegian appreciation of British friendship during the Second World War. When Norway was invaded by German forces in 1940, King Haakon VII escaped to Britain and a Norwegian exile government was set up in London. To most Norwegians, London came to represent the spirit of freedom during those difficult years. From London, the latest war news was broadcast in Norwegian, along with a message and information network which became vital to the resistance movement and which gave the people in Norway inspiration and hope of liberation.

The tree has become a symbol of the close and warm relationship between the people of Britain and Norway. Norwegians are happy and proud that this token of their friendship - probably the most famous Christmas tree in the world - seems to have become so much a part of Christmas for Londoners.

The tree itself, a Norwegian spruce (Picea abies), is chosen with great care. Selected from the forests surrounding Oslo, it is normally earmarked for its pride of place in London’s Trafalgar Square several months, even years, in advance. The Norwegian foresters who look after it describe it fondly as 'the queen of the forest'. This year, however, the tree will be chosen by a young viewer of the BBC’s children’s programme Blue Peter.

The tree is cut down one day in November during a ceremony in which the Lord Mayor of Westminster, the British ambassador to Norway and the Mayor of Oslo take active part. Most years, the first snow will have just fallen to brighten the otherwise dark forest. Local and international schoolchildren sing Christmas carols and the city authorities serve 'forest coffee' and sandwiches.

25 metres tall and 60 years old
The tree, which is usually 20 to 25 m (70 ft) in height and anything between 50 and 60 years old, is then shipped free-of-charge across the North Sea to Immingham by DFDS Tor Line. A special crew is contracted to haul it from the docks to Trafalgar Square and the space which is allocated every year to the Norwegian Christmas tree.

It takes several hours to put the tree up. Scaffolding is erected, the tree is winched up, and the base of its trunk pushed four feet into the ground and secured with a dozen or more wooden wedges. There is no other form of support. The tree stands there again as it did in the forest.

The lighting ceremony
The ceremony of switching on the lights takes place in the early evening of the first Thursday in December (this year on a Tuesday). The scene is familiar to most of us. There is a band playing and a choir sings Christmas carols as the Lord Mayor of Westminster arrives with his party. The floodlighting of the nearby National Gallery is specially dimmed for the occasion. At the flick of a switch the Christmas tree comes alive, turning into a twinkling mass of lights. In line with Norwegian tradition the lights are all white; electrical bulbs being the twenty first-century equivalent of candlelight.

A crib provided by the Vicar of St. Martin-in-the-Fields is erected on the west side of the Square. It is dedicated at a special service on the Sunday after the lighting-up ceremony. The passing public may stop on their way home from work and join the carol singers every night until Christmas. During the carol singing, donations to selected charities are collected by volunteers.

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The Norwegian Christmas Tree in Trafalgar SquarePhoto: Jørn Tomter

Photo: Jørn Tomter