History

The Norwegian Vikings made a big splash in the world 1,000 years ago. Since then, Norway has played a more modest part in history. In recent years, Norway has taken on a role as international peacemaker and negotiator.

The state religion in Norway is Protestant Christian (Evangelical-Lutheran), and about 80% of the population belong to the established Church of Norway. Most Norwegians are baptized as infants and confirmed as teenagers, yet only a small number attend church services regularly. Read more

Photo: DNFI .

Compared to Great Britain, Norway is considered a ‘young’ country. Having been in union with Denmark, then Sweden for several centuries, Norway became an independent country again in 1905. This meant it was able to choose its own king, and elect its own government. Norwegians today are a strong and patriotic people who are very proud of their country and its achievements. Read more

Photo: Marta B. Haga/MFA Norway .

Who were the Vikings? Were they just fierce and ruthless pirates and raiders? Read more

Photo: Bill Frymire/ Masterfile/ NTB scanpix  .

Norway was occupied by German forces from 9 April 1940 until 8 May 1945 when World War 2 ended. The Norwegian government and all it was in charge of was taken over by the German occupiers. The German forces were able to use Norway’s ice-free harbours to control the North Atlantic ocean. This also helped them to protect their supply of iron ore from Sweden and stop Britain and the Allies from... Read more