The Norwegian building and construction industry has attracted international attention for its innovative design and outstanding products. Norwegian architects have won international acclaim for their modern approach to traditional materials, such as wood, stone and metal. Norway has acquired cutting-edge expertise in building large timber structures, tunnel and rock cavern excavation, as well as road and bridge construction.
Wood and Stone
Norwegian pine makes an ideal building material, and Norwegian manufacturers export first-class timber and wood products such as wood flooring, prefabricated houses and other building components worldwide. Glued, laminated timber (“glulam”) is a specially-developed, lightweight and extremely strong product, that has added a new dimension to the design of homes, large public and commercial buildings and even bridges. The main terminal building at Oslo Gardermoen Airport is the largest laminated wood structure in the world. Norway is also a major supplier to the global market of granite, larvikite (“Blue Pearl”), marble, schist and several varieties of slate for construction purposes.
Given its mountainous terrain, Norway has opted to build a wide variety of facilities underground, including hydropower plants, oil storage caverns, water treatment plants, subway stations, military installations and sports facilities. Nearly half of the world’s 400 underground power plants are located in Norway. Road construction in a country of mountains and fjords is also an engineering challenge, and Norwegian rock engineers have learned to excel in tunnel and cavern excavation, bridge construction, rock mass properties, geological analysis, drilling and blasting.