Photo: Jens Henrik Nybo / Innovation Norway

Norway’s position on climate – binding climate policy

03/09/2009 // Norway is playing an active role in international negotiations on a new climate regime to ensure that consensus is reached on a new global climate agreement in Copenhagen in December 2009. Read more about Norway’s priorities in this process.

 

The Norwegian Government has stated that Norway is to be an international leader in environmental policy. To this end, Norway is working to achieve a more comprehensive, ambitious international agreement on climate change that will take effect after the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol (2008-2012) expires. Norway is also continuing to fulfil its current obligations and reduce greenhouse gas emissions both nationally and internationally.

 

Crucial summit in Copenhagen
“We are in the countdown to the climate summit in Copenhagen. If we are to bring global warming under control, it is vital that the world’s leaders succeed in reaching a new global climate agreement,” states Norwegian Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim. There are already clear signs of the havoc that climate change will wreak on human life throughout the world, for example in the form of drought, flooding and severe cyclones.

 

Maximum temperature increase of two degrees Celsius
In Norway’s view, specific targets for reductions in greenhouse gas emissions must be established. Norway is therefore seeking international agreement on the target of limiting the rise in global mean temperature to no more than two degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level. To achieve this, global emissions must be cut by up to 85 per cent by 2050. Norway’s own target is to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by the equivalent of 30 per cent of its 1990 emissions by the year 2020. 

 

New financing mechanism 
The auctioning of emission allowances is a potential source of income under the international emission trading scheme. Norway has proposed that under a new climate agreement, some of the emission allowances should be auctioned internationally, thus generating revenues to cover funding needs under the new agreement.  

 

Reducing emissions from deforestation 
Norway is working to incorporate emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries in a new international climate agreement to provide incentives to reduce emissions from these sources. Norway has therefore proposed the establishment of a global REDD mechanism. 

 

Emissions from shipping and aviation 
Greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping and aviation have increased by 50 per cent since 1997, but they are not regulated under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change or the Kyoto Protocol. These sectors, which release about 1.35 billion tonnes of CO2 annually, should be integrated into a future global climate agreement. Norway wants to include ambitious emission reduction targets for these sectors in the climate agreement reached in Copenhagen. 

 

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) 
“There is no doubt that the transition to a low-carbon economy will require a major investment in research, development and the introduction of renewable energy sources and enhanced energy efficiency,” says Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg.

However, we must realistically expect that fossil fuels, including coal, will continue to be used for many decades. Norway therefore supports the inclusion of incentives for the development and dissemination of technologies for carbon capture and storage in an international climate agreement. 

 

Climate change in the polar regions 
Both the Arctic and Antarctic play a vital role in the global climate system. Norway is working to ensure that the polar regions are monitored closely, and that knowledge about climate change in these regions is used to improve decision making in the area of climate change.


Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs   |   Share on your network   |   print